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1, Sermon 11-Part 1
Exodus 12:1-51 And thus shall ye eat
it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff
in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD'S
2 is Luke 2:21 And when eight days were
the circumcising of the child, his name was called JESUS, which was
so named of the angel before he was conceived in the womb.
If you arrived here by Internet search, know that this series
of sermons is about "The Whole Christ". Click on the up-left
Logo to see the SiteMap where, among other things, this particular
series began and continues. I pray you will be blessed as I am.
my daily morning prayer I begin with "Holy Father hallowed be
your name" and continue for quite a while until I reach a
particular place regarding our Savior ('the Lord' of Scripture).
There I begin addressing him with, "You are the Very Son of God,
the Lord God of Creation, the Lord God of Adam and Eve, Cain, Abel,
and Seth". I then continue on down through Abraham, Isaac, and
Jacob, and chosen Jacob's 12 sons. I then pray "The God of
Israel, the God of Moses, the Lord of Hosts, the Lord Christ Messiah
promised to come to earth."
Then I pray
"You arrived in the womb of a young virgin of the lineage of
David of the tribe of Judah. The eighth day, you emerged from that
womb and they circumcised you according to the
Law of Moses
and you received the
name JESUS according to
There is much more to the prayer and each morning as I go through I
customize it for the day and for my early fellowship with the Father
and the Son. Some days it goes somewhat quickly and some days it
takes quite a while. But I wanted to bring you to the particular
place in my prayer based upon Luke
2:21. It is The
Hinge of God's Plan of the Ages
where the Son of God arrived to make his Debut to Israel and to the
This sermon has grown quite long to
include the Exodus Passover, which is the God-given-Pattern for 'the
connected to the
Crucifixion; that is, to the days of Jesus’ arrest and the week of
unleavened bread during which Jesus was crucified. Moreover, I had to
include some side details for things like Israel's lunar calendar.
Please bear with me. Indeed, the Lord
has had to bear with me in this. At age of 74 my mind is not what it
used to be. If going through you might think, "This is
confusing", perhaps you will experience something of what I have
experienced in trying to write clearly. I make no claim to be "right
or correct", as the Lord is ever "straightening me out",
and in this study a few things became clearer to me as I worked. I
would not have undertaken such a long work to explain this subject of
Easter, so dear to many, except that the Lord has brought me to
It is no wonder that many Christian
brethren (or perhaps I should say the varied church doctrines to
which we adhere) continue confused about the week of 'the
passover and week of unleavened bread',
the Crucifixion, and the Resurrection.
let me say quite clearly, "Being a child of God is by the Blood
of Christ Jesus and thankfully not by understanding." I assume
that you at least are saying the "Amen".
Near the end of Part 2 is a Chart of The
Week of Unleavened Bread,
Christ Jesus was Crucified
along with Resurrection
… 1st day
of the new (following) week.
Note the 'eight
in Luke 2:2; for it is about the announcement of the arrival of the
very Son of God to the light of worldly day. Indeed, on the one hand,
when circumcised he had been thrust into the world of Israel and the
Mosaic Law ... and on the other hand, when given the name JESUS by
the Angel Gabriel he had been thrust down from heaven onto earth.
Therefore, some thirty-three years later
note his departure; in that it also was the 'eight
began from his arrest in
the garden to his Resurrection the dawn after the Festival of
Unleavened Bread ... Sunday.
This 'eight days' was the reverse of the former 'eight days' in that
by his Resurrection he became thrust back into heaven; there to
receive the Reward of Inheritance for his Kingship and Kingdom to
During Jesus' earthly life Heaven
manipulated everything such that the Messiah was humble in all of his
circumstance ... confined within his assignment. Even braiding a whip
to drive out the money changers from the temple had been inspired and
assigned to him by the Father (Jesus said, ''All of my actions and
words are the Father's''). Though Lord of all the legions of heaven,
Jesus submitted to the Will of the Father in all of his assignment;
he even submitted to the Father's enemies.
Jesus walked true to the Law (which he himself had designed and given
to Moses), true to the Father, and thus true amid his assignment
Plan of the Ages.
Thus from the historical standpoint:
backward from the Hinge of Luke 2:21 there is all the Old Testament
and earlier ages; and going forward from the Hinge there is the New
Testament of John the Baptist, Jesus and the disciples in the
Gospels, the Book of Acts, etc., until the Lord King Jesus' comes
Scripture does not give the time of
year when the Angel Gabriel appeared to Zechariah and so we do not
know the time of year for the Holy Birth (the Hinge). But we do know
the time of year of the Crucifixion and the Resurrection. Scripture
gives much information regarding both 'eight
Christ's coming and his
began sermon 4 over a year ago and for several sermons I did not
realize that the Lord was leading in this topic 'The
These sermons have
been coming at intervals amid what would seem to be odd passages of
study, which is why I did not recognize anything of the series until
several sermons had been placed upon the website.
Significant aspects of the series are Christ had arrived on earth
according to God's
Plan of the Ages
and he came not as a human of the lineage of sinful Adam. Indeed, he
came as Deity directly from heaven, yet in the
form of a
human. When he arrived,
Christ Jesus, the Son of God, was not of fallen earth; thus he was
not a sinner. Only a heaven-sacrifice to be accomplished on earth
could accomplish the salvation of men on earth ... as preached
extensively by the Apostle Paul in his writings. Much Scripture Old
and New about 'The Whole Christ' has been covered in the series to
As usual, I will be using
Strong's Numbering System in the software e–sword.
began working this sermon when I opened my Bible to this passage. )
Matthew 27:35 And
crucified him, and parted his garments, casting lots: that it might
be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, They parted my garments
among them, and upon my vesture did they cast lots.
And sitting down they watched him there; And set up over his head his
accusation written, THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS. Then were
there two thieves crucified with him, one on the right hand, and
another on the left. And they that passed by reviled him, wagging
their heads, And saying, Thou that destroyest the temple, and
buildest it in three days, save thyself. If thou be the Son of God,
come down from the cross.
Likewise also the chief priests mocking him, with the scribes and
elders, said, He saved others; himself he cannot save. If he be the
King of Israel, let him now come down from the cross, and we will
believe him. He trusted in God; let him deliver him now, if he will
have him: for he said, I am the Son of God.
people had clearly heard Jesus regarding the '3 days'.
Moreover, the chief priests with scribes and elders had fully
understood that Jesus claimed by word and deed to be 'the Son
God'. With physical eyes they saw Jesus as no human
ever seen or heard of before, yet they could not accept him
Christ Messiah from heaven because his teachings went too much
against common sense and their doctrines ... upon which their lives
and livelihoods depended.
long after in study I came upon the words of David: It is great
prophesy of the coming Messiah. I will include only the verses needed
To the chief Musician upon Aijeleth Shahar, A Psalm of David.
God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? why art thou so far from
helping me, and from the words of my roaring?
is 'strength, mighty one' often used as the Almighty One. Yet, to
stay with the theme of the passage let us stay with 'strength'. The
is 'loosed' as in 'permitting it to happen'. The word 'far'
is 'remote'. The word 'roaring'
is 'rumbling, like moaning'.
O my God, I cry in the daytime, but thou hearest not; and in the
night season, and (I) am
Rewriting this: My Strength, my Strength, why have you loosed me,
permitting this? Why are you so remote from me and from helping me,
and (remote) from the words of my moaning?
word 'God', unlike above, is 'Elohim' (the
God ... see other sermons).
But thou art holy, O thou that inhabitest the praises of Israel. Our
ancient fathers of
in thee: they
trusted, and thou didst deliver them. They cried unto thee, and were
delivered: they trusted in thee, and were not confounded.
are David's words in his ordeal. Yet, the Lord in dealing with David
inspired these words into outstanding prophecy that points to him
when he ... the Son of God, God of Israel ... would descend to Israel
from heaven as promised in his work with Abraham. The Lord designed
these words as almost a perfect quote that he would utter on the
cross ... all according to The Plan.
But I am a worm and no man; (and) a
reproach of men, and despised of the people.
word 'worm' in the Greek is not 'worm' but 'maggot'.
tells us that the word is not used for the larval stage of an insect,
rather of a product (dye) of red color when the larva is smashed and
processed. According to Strong, then, Scripture uses the term to mean
'red or crimson' ... i.e. the dye and/or the dyed
All they that see me laugh me to scorn: they shoot out the lip, they
shake the head, saying, He trusted on the LORD that he would deliver
him: let him deliver him, seeing he delighted in him.
But thou art he that took me out of the womb: thou didst make me hope
when I was upon my mother's breasts. I was cast upon thee from the
womb: thou art my God from my mother's belly.
word 'cast' means 'cast up or away'. From the
David and Jesus were castaways from normal human experience, which is
'cast' upon the Lord and the Lord's Intentions.
for himself; yet, the Lord in heaven arranged his words such that the
Lord, when arrived to earth could them in quotes such that the people
by the Spirit would comprehend. In the Olden ages after David,
Israelites knew the words were prophecy about the King Messiah.
Be not far from me; for trouble is near; for there is none to help.
Many bulls have compassed me: strong bulls of Bashan have beset me
round. They gaped upon me with their mouths, as a ravening and a
I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint: my
heart is like wax; it is melted in the midst of my bowels. My
strength is dried up like a potsherd; and my tongue cleaveth to my
jaws; and thou hast brought me into the dust of death. For dogs have
compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they
pierced my hands and my feet. down
I may tell all my bones: they look and stare upon me. They part my
garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture. But be not thou
far from me, O LORD: O my strength, haste thee to help me.
word 'tell' means 'to keep account'. Having arrived
Christ would keep account of his bones, in that the Lord in God's
Plan of the Ages was not going to allow his bones to become
missing or broken.
The meek shall eat and be satisfied: they shall praise the LORD that
seek him: your heart shall live for ever. All the ends of the world
shall remember and turn unto the LORD: and all the kindreds of the
nations shall worship before thee. For the kingdom is the LORD'S: and
he is the governor among the nations.
All they that be fat upon earth shall eat and worship: all they that
go down to the dust shall bow before him: and none can keep alive his
22 is an accurate description (prophecy) of Christ the Messiah in his
last days and hours up to and on the cross. The prophecy was not only
how Jesus would be rejected, but by whom and just what they would be
saying in their rejection ... all according to God's
Plan of the Ages.
passage shows the absoluteness of the Psalm passage.
Moreover, in verse 6 the Lord’s prophecy declared that when he
descends to earth he will be 'no
he would be a 'Scarlet
valuable) in the form
of man. The people rejecting thought him as low as a worm, thinking
he was falsely declaring by word and deed that he was the Messiah,
Son of God … punishable by death. Is it any wonder that the ancient
church thought of Christ as a heavenly worm which in resurrection had
become a heavenly butterfly? The butterfly became a Christian symbol
of the Resurrection.
Season Established Ultimately for the Crucifixion and Resurrection
we must consider the Lord's ancient command to Moses to set up
Israel’s annual season of 'the
must be clearly in
mind as we proceed because it is the heavenly design in God's
Plan of the Ages
for the Son’s
Crucifixion. Then we must see how that annual season became the
Season of Fulfillment as the Christ goes to the cross.
In Exodus we see the beginning of men receiving God’s salvation in
the Law; and in we see the ending of salvation in the Law and
the beginning of salvation in the law of Christ. Thus, in
Luke 2:21 is the historical Hinge
enjoining the two salvations, in that -
the heavenly babe Messiah was circumcised according to the
Law of Moses
and at the same time he
received the name Jesus according to the
In other words ... the 'law of Christ' had arrived to accomplish.
In other words ... yet, the Messiah had to walk his earthly days in
the Law (which he had designed and given to Moses) while at the same
time the Law’s ending was being accomplished.
(as also in the Day
In Exodus the Lord not
only established the annual calendar for Israel, a lunar calendar,
but he also established the definition of a day (a twenty-four hour
period). The closing of a previous daytime (sundown) became the
beginning of the next day (next twenty-four hour period). The word
by itself indicates daytime (sunup until sundown). The word 'night'
is the opposite (sundown until sunup).
nearby nations also had lunar calendars, including Egypt. So the
Israelites were familiar with lunar calendars. Yet, because the Lord
in 'the nations'
(those of Abraham's lineage) he also had plans for them such that the
Mosaic Law would be a guide for those believers.
Nevertheless, Israel would become the chosen bearer of the Law that
expressed both to Israelites and to the nations what God expected of
The Lord designed Israel's
calendar distinctly different to calendars of the nations because the
Mosaic Law would operate within it. Indeed, the Lord was and is the
'Lord God of
and through the ages Israelites and believing Gentiles made
pilgrimages to Jerusalem to worship The Lord God in the holy city
(Exodus 12:43-47 and 48-51). In the Bible Lands, kings of the nations
(particularly those within Abraham's lineage) had always known of,
feared, and at times respected the God of Israel even if a king
himself did not worship Him.
A lunar calendar functions according to cycles of the moon. Israel's
calendar began (begins) in spring. Its 1st day began when the moon
appeared as increased;
that is, its small crescent-shape had broadened; which is called 'a
Thus, by observation it
was (is) easily distinguished in the skies. Today some nations
continue using a lunar calendar. Today Israelites continue using
their lunar calendar, given of the Lord, for their Scripture-based
feasts, festivals, and holidays.
each month always began with a new moon (and not because a number of
days had passed). Therefore, some months ran more days than our own
modern month of 30-31 days. This did not bother the Israelites, for
each month had its own name and its days were counted from the new
Note that a prophetic book always had
its date as the number of years after a particularly important event
or time in Israel's history. Once the year was established then the
month and usually day of month were included.
Moreover, dates in Scripture are not referenced back or forward from
Christ's birth; thus, the Bible's manner of dating is unfamiliar to
us. These are facts need to best comprehend what follows. As usual I
shall place some Scripture phrases in italics as Strong gives us
their meanings; these are points to remember.
and Week of Unleavened Bread
12:1,2 And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of
Egypt, saying, This month
be unto you the
beginning of months: it shall be the 1st month of the year to you.
Lord spoke to Moses in the 2nd week of this 1st month.
Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth
day of this month
(i.e. Tuesday as
we would think of it; the 3rd day of 2nd week) they
shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their
fathers, a lamb for an house: And if the household be too little for
the lamb (to
eat the whole of it),
let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to
the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make
your count for the lamb. Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male
of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the
12:6-11 And ye
shall keep it
(in the house to
become familiar with it and somewhat endearing toward it) up
until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of
the congregation of Israel (by
individual homes) shall
kill it in
And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts
and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it.
And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and
unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it. Eat not of
it raw, nor sodden at all with water (i.e.
boiled or as stew),
but roast with
fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance (i.e.
the in-between parts) thereof.
shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which
remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire. And thus
shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and
your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the
is the Lord's Commandment for all the ages of Israel; and note the
in the Commandment. Through the ages, the 'bitter
herbs' in the
meal would remind each
Israelite of the Lord forcing
fathers out of cultured Egypt.
For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite
all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and
against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD.
of the lamb occurred the evening of the 14th day, a sabbath. Verse 12
occurred the night that began the 15th day … the 1st day of the
week of unleavened bread.
let me emphasize at this point: 'the
itself was (is) not a day
or a season. It was (is) this particular and peculiar meal.
In Part 2 notice that the Lord Christ Jesus obeyed everything of the
Law of Moses; that is until his 'hour
It was not
Israel's meal, but the
Yet, this holy week's sabbath would be for
... a sabbath-festival
to celebrate the week when the Israelites left their homes in
time of the New Testament, this season had become known as ‘days
of unleavened bread’.
it was exactly as described by the Lord to Moses in Exodus. (Today we
do much the same saying, "Christmas" meaning the season and
"Christmas Day" for the main event or celebration.)
Exodus 12 continues in explaining the Lord's emphasis and importance
for all the
ages of Israel.
Lord Continues His Commandment (the
12:13,14 And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the
houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you,
and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the
land of Egypt. And
be unto you for a memorial;
and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations;
ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.
Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even the first day ye shall
put away leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened
bread from the first day
seventh day, that soul
shall be cut off from Israel.
And in the first day (15th)
(unto Me) an
(i.e. a gathering
of each family in its house),
the seventh day there shall be an holy convocation (also
in the house) to
you; no manner of
work shall be done in them (i.e.
each of the 15th and the 21th days),
save that which every man must eat, that only may be done of you.
the evening (still daylight) of the 14th day (the Sabbath) the lamb
or kid was killed. As noted above, 'the
first day' of
the week of unleavened
bread began at sundown
of the 14th day such that dusk
(meal). During the 3rd week was the Commandment and it was family by
family (and not a large national assembly).
And ye shall observe the feast of unleavened bread; for in this
(i.e. 'strong day')
I brought your armies out of
the land of Egypt: therefore shall ye observe this day (i.e.
'strong day') in
your generations by
an ordinance for ever. In the first month, on the fourteenth day of
the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and
twentieth day of the month at even. Seven days shall there be no
leaven found in your houses: for whosoever eateth that which is
leavened, even that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of
Israel, whether he be a stranger, or born in the land. Ye shall eat
nothing leavened; in all your habitations shall ye eat unleavened
The Lord knew of his chastisements through the ages to the Israelites
that would scatter them among the nations. This Initial Commandment
of the Mosaic Law could be kept by each family wherever a family
might be. Moreover, individuals or a small family could be included
in the home of a family within their 'passover'.
Also no work could be done during 'the
except as prescribed for
the meal in roasting the meat and making unleavened bread.
In Exodus, after the march of six days out of Goshen (led by the Fire
and the Cloud) the feast (or festival) had occurred in the daytime of
the next sabbath in Egypt's wilderness where the Lord had led them;
whereupon each family had built a booth of branches as cover from the
sun. A few days later, attacked by Pharaoh, Israel was led (i.e.
escorted by Fire and Cloud) from Egypt through the Red Sea.
In years following, Israel decided to truly celebrate the feast of
the unleavened bread and so the previous day (Friday) had been set as
a national holiday such that each family could prepare for the feast
since no work could be done on the feast day. Thus, this day (Friday)
became known as 'the day of preparation'. We shall see it again
below, so please take note of it.
Below we see that Jesus dearly wanted to spend that 'passover'
with his close disciples and he commanded that wherever each might be
at the season of 'the
to remember his death by 'the
and the wine'.
commandment was emphatically 'strong'. Strong tells
'day' here is not 'a specific' or 'a single day'
unspecific as in 'the day of the Lord'. We shall see
below regarding Jesus' Crucifixion.
Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them,
Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families, and kill the
passover. And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the
blood that is in the bason (i.e.
strike the lintel
and the two side posts with the blood that is in the bason; and none
of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning
(dawn of 15th day).
For the LORD
will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the blood
upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, the LORD will pass over
the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your
houses to smite you. And ye shall observe this thing for an ordinance
to thee and to thy sons for ever.
12:25-28 And it shall
come to pass, when ye be come to the land which the LORD will give
you, according as he hath promised, that ye shall keep this service.
And it shall come to pass, when your children shall say unto you,
What mean ye by this service? That ye shall say, It is the sacrifice
of the LORD'S passover, who passed over the houses of the children of
Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our
houses. And the people bowed the head and worshipped. And the
children of Israel went away, and did as the LORD had commanded Moses
and Aaron, so did they.
And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD smote all the
firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that
sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the
dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle.
(meal) was considered accomplished. Below we shall see that Jesus
would lead the disciples out of the upper room after midnight in
continued darkness (a break from verse 12:22) to the garden where
soldiers would arrest him. Humble Jesus would know that the
authorities desired to do their work in secret so as not to be
hindered by the people. Indeed, at the time when his 'hour
had come' he
would operate per God's
Plan of the Ages
... freed from the
And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all
the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for there was not
a house where there was not one dead. And he called for Moses and
Aaron by night, and said, Rise up, and get you forth from among my
people, both ye and the children of Israel; and go, serve the LORD,
as ye have said. Also take your flocks and your herds, as ye have
said, and be gone; and bless me also. And the Egyptians were urgent
upon the people, that they might send them out of the land in haste;
for they said, We be all dead men.
And the people took their dough before it was leavened, their
kneadingtroughs being bound up in their clothes upon their shoulders.
And the children of Israel did according to the word of Moses; and
they borrowed of the Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold,
and raiment: And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight of the
Egyptians, so that they lent unto them such things as they required.
And they spoiled the Egyptians.
And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about
six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children. And a
up also with
them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle...
(during this six days of march to where the Lord would lead them for
their Festival) they
cakes of the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was
not leavened; because they were thrust out of Egypt (i.e.
the land of Egypt),
and could not
tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any victual
(i.e. 'food' for a long trip, in that they had thought they would be
returning to their homes in Goshen).
Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was
four hundred and thirty years. And it came to pass at the end of the
four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass
(i.e. 'a strong day' ... passing through the Red Sea),
that all the hosts of the LORD went out
(i.e. were forced out by Pharaoh's army) from
the land of Egypt. It is a night (i.e.
'a twist', a night-season, adversity) to
be much observed unto the LORD for bringing them out from the land of
Egypt: this is that night
the LORD to be observed of
all the children of Israel in their generations.
Lord had made it 'a strong day' in extracting his people from
And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the
passover: There shall no stranger eat thereof: But every man's
servant that is bought for money, when thou hast circumcised him,
then shall he eat thereof. A foreigner and an hired servant shall not
eat thereof. In one house shall it be eaten; thou shalt not carry
forth ought of the flesh abroad out of the house; neither shall ye
break a bone thereof (here
is the prophesy-token that neither shall be broken a bone of Jesus'
body during his time of suffering and Crucifixion).
All the congregation of Israel shall keep it.
had made it 'a night-season' because 1) Egypt became weakened
(humbled); and because 2) the Lord knew that Israel would endure
forty years in
the wildernesses of
finally being led to
the Land of Promise. [[Read of this in my book 'God's Rock' which is
free for download.]]
And when a stranger shall sojourn with thee
(i.e. visiting in Israel; as much later many pilgrims would come to
Jerusalem to worship),
and will keep the passover to the LORD, let all his males be
circumcised, and then let him come near (unto
the Lord) and
keep it; and he shall be
one that is born in the land: for no uncircumcised person shall eat
thereof. One law shall be to him that is homeborn, and
the stranger that sojourneth among you. Thus did all the children of
Israel; as the LORD commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they. And it
came to pass the selfsame day
('a strong day'),
that the LORD did bring the children of Israel out of the land of
Egypt by their armies.
Interesting is it not; the Israelites fearfully and in confusion
swarmed through the passage of the Red Sea; yet, on the other side
they became organized going forward into 'their
The above passage was commandment to Israel in Goshen before they
left to enter Egypt's wilderness for their Feast and festival before
the Lord, as agreed to by Pharoah. After Pharaoh and his army had
forced the Israelites out of Egypt through the Red Sea into the
Peninsula of Sinai, the Lord began giving Moses many more things
regarding ... and forming ... the Law. Forty years the Israelites
were in the wildernesses of Sinai and during that time the Lord gave
many explanations and teachings to Moses. In Duteronomy 16 are
regulations regarding the observance of feasts within the Law for all
of the ages to come.
Deuteronomy 16:1,2 Observe the
month of Abib, and keep the passover unto the LORD thy God: for in
the month of Abib the LORD thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by
night. Thou shalt therefore sacrifice the passover unto the LORD thy
God, of the flock and
in the place which the LORD shall choose to place his name there.
instruction to Israel above in Exodus was regarding 'the
passover' only. Now here we see instruction
herd'. This refers to the sacrifice of the
national Israel ... whereas the instruction regarding 'the
passover' had to do with individual families.
In Numbers 28:1 we see regulations regarding various offerings for
special occasions that occurred in their due seasons of a year
according to the Law.
28:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Command the
children of Israel, and say unto them, My offering, and my bread for
my sacrifices made by fire, for a sweet savour unto me, shall ye
observe to offer unto me in their due season.
And in the fourteenth day of the first month is the (killing
the lamb for the) passover of the LORD.
And in the fifteenth day
of this month is the
feast (i.e. 'the passover' meal after
days shall unleavened bread be eaten. In the first day (of
7 days) shall be an holy convocation (i.e. a
wherein usually a part of the Law is read with a sermon); ye
do no manner of servile work therein (this 15th day from
of 14th day unto sundown of this 15th day):
But ye shall offer a sacrifice made by fire for a burnt offering unto
the LORD; two young bullocks,
and one ram, and
seven lambs of the first year: they shall be unto you without
And their meat offering shall be
of flour mingled with oil: three tenth deals shall ye offer for a
two tenth deals for a ram; A
several tenth deal shalt thou offer for every lamb, throughout the
seven lambs: And one goat for a sin offering, to make an atonement
we see in the first month (in conjunction with 'the passover')
is the yearly offering of Atonement for the nation as a whole. The
offering of Atonement was performed by the priesthood in the daytime
that followed the night of the 15th when was observed 'the
passover' by each family. And this commandment would be for
new year for all the following ages of Israel ...
referred to in the New Testament Gospels as 'the season of
Passover' or 'season of unleavened bread'.
Ye shall offer these beside the burnt offering in the morning, which
is for a continual burnt offering.
see here that every morning of each year of every year the priests
performed 'the burntoffering', which we do not see
After this manner (as just described) ye (i.e.
priesthood) shall offer daily, throughout the seven days (of
unleavened bread, which began with 'the passover' by
family), the meat (i.e. 'food',
typically grain) of
the sacrifice made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD: it
shall be offered beside
the continual burnt
offering, and his drink offering.
see here the whole of the offerings for this Holy Week along with
'the passover'. Much would be going on in Jerusalem
and his disciple would arrive along with the multitudes of Israelites
... for this was the first of three seasons in a year when
Israelites were commanded to gather in Jerusalem. Many
Israelites from the nations came as pilgrims as often as they could
afford could do it. Jesus and his family always came all three times
And on the seventh day (of Holy Week) ye shall
have an holy
convocation (i.e. the Feast of Unleavened Bread);
ye shall do
no servile work.
16:3 Thou shalt eat no leavened bread with it; seven days
thou eat unleavened bread therewith, even the bread of affliction;
for thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt in haste: that thou
mayest remember the day when thou camest forth out of the land of
Egypt all the days of thy life.
we see that unleavened bread represents 'affliction'
Israelites experienced for the previous 200 years (i.e. of the 400
years in Goshen, Egypt ... the first 200 years the Lord had blessed
them with abundance). The Israelites where in 'affliction'
also in their 6 days of Cloud by day and Fire by night travel from
Goshen into Egypt's wilderness for their Festival with their God that
occurred on the 7th day.
And there shall be no leavened bread seen with thee in all thy coast
thy bounds') seven
days; neither shall there any thing of the flesh, which thou
sacrificedst the first day at even (i.e.
all night until the
mayest not sacrifice the passover within any of thy gates (i.e.
which the LORD thy God giveth thee: But at the place which the LORD
thy God shall choose to place his name in, there thou shalt sacrifice
the passover at even, at the going down of the sun, at the season
that thou camest forth out of Egypt.
see here that the commandment turns from the initial place of each
home in Goshen to a specific place that 'God shall choose to
his name in' when the Lord shall lead them into the Land of
Promise. Eventually 'the place of his name' became
and remained (and remains) so.
And thou shalt roast and eat it (i.e.
meal) in the
place which the LORD thy
God shall choose: and thou shalt turn in the morning, and go unto thy
16:8 Six days
thou shalt eat unleavened bread: and on the seventh day shall be a
solemn assembly to the LORD thy God: thou shalt do no work therein.
see here when dawn arrives of the 15th day that each family was to go
to their own tents. This means that Israelites resident in Jerusalem
stayed in their homes, but all others either had arranged a place in
Jerusalem for 'the passover' (as did Jesus and his
or had tents to stay in the countryside outside Jerusalem. Since the
Israelite families had to go up to Jerusalem three seasons each year,
people owning homes in Jerusalem built upper rooms, etc., to rent out
in these seasons. Other Israelites were in the business of providing
the 'clean lambs' for the priesthood that
slaughtered them and
provided the pieces for the people to use in 'the passover'.
can also download this sermon as a pdf file.
you can continue by going to Part
2; see you there.